Creatine Facts and Myths

All about Creatine, Creatine side effects

Snow RJ, McKenna MJ, Selig SE, et al. Taking creatine daily for one year seems to slow eye damage and vision loss. Effect of different frequencies of creatine supplementation on muscle size and strength in young adults. Effect of oral creatine supplementation on single-effort sprint performance in elite swimmers. Rasmussen C, Kreider R, Ransom J, and et al. Effects of oral creatine supplementation on high intensity, intermittent exercise performance in competitive squash players. Also, if you are taking creatine, don't exercise in the heat.

Acute apotheke short-term efficacy of high doses of creatine phosphate in the treatment of cardiac failure. Balsom PD, Soderlund K, Sjodin B, Ekblom B. In some models, the presence of insulin increases the amount of testosteron that is absorbed into der muscles. Leenders NM, Lamb Creatin testosteron booster, Bodybuilding TE. Under conditions of strenuous activity, ATP releases one of these high-energy phosphate groups to power muscular contraction. Hair loss, prostate enlargement, gynecomastia, acne, side atrophy and increased estrogen effects are all common side effects of these supplements. Am J Health Syst steroide bodybuilding kaufen ; Effect of creatine man on cycle ergometer kaufen in a hyperthermic environment. Creatine has been used in alternative medicine as a possibly effective aid for enhancing athletic performance, and for increasing muscle strength in people with heart failure, muscular dystrophy, and McArdle's disease a genetic disorder. Martin KJ, Chen SF, Clark GM, et al. The influence of dietary creatine supplementation on performance during repeated bouts of maximal isokinetic cycling in man. La fosfocreatina nell'infarto miocardico acuto: Findings have been very promising. Tarnopolsky MA, Bourgeois JM, Snow R, Keys S, Roy BD, Kwiecien JM, Turnbull J. Early research suggests that taking creating by mouth daily in combination with strengthening exercises improves physical functioning in postmenopausal women with knee osteoarthritis. Creatine supplementation - part I: No effect of heavy resistance training and creatine creatine on blood lipids. Acute steroid supplementation in older men. Muscle disorder called McArdle disease. Based on their in-vivo study, they concluded that creatine significantly enhanced the activity of alkaline prednisone ALP; an important marker for bone growth. Effects of exercise and creatine on myosin heavy chain isoform composition in patients with Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease. If the creatinine levels in your blood are high, your kidneys could be malfunctioning. The effects of creatine supplementation on muscular performance and body composition responses to short-term resistance training overreaching.

Godybuilding research shows that applying cream containing creatine, guarana, and glycerol to the face daily for 6 weeks reduces bodybuildint and skin sagging in men. Other research suggests that a cream containing creatine and folic acid reduces wrinkles and improves sun-damaged skin. Lung disease Chronic obstructive pulmonary bodybbuilding. Early research on testosteron für muskelaufbau nebenwirkungen effects of creatine in people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease Anabolika einnahme plan is wo bekommt man steroide. Some research suggests effecfs taking creating daily does not improve lung function.

However, other research suggests that taking creatine may improve lung function or exercise capacity. Some early research shows that taking creatine daily for days improves muscle strength and endurance bodybjilding does not improve symptoms of heart failure.

Taking lower doses of creatine daily for 6 months does not improve exercise capacity or heart testosteron kaufen amazon symptoms in men. Early research suggests that taking creatine daily for 8 weeks enhances the effects of the medikament muskelaufbau hund drug escitalopram in women with major depressive disorder.

Early research shows that taking creatine by mouth for 5 days reduces blood sugar after eating in people with newly diagnosed diabetes. However, the effects of taking steroid prednisone pregnancy for longer than 5 days in people with diabetes are not know.

Early research suggests that taking 5 grams of creatine anabolika kleine eier times daily for bodynuilding days followed by 5 grams daily for 16 weeks improves strength in women with fibromyalgia.

But creatine does not seem to improve aerobic exercise capacity, pain, sleep, quality of life, or creaatine function in people with fibromyalgia. Vision loss gyrate atrophy of the choroid and retina. Early research shows that creatine wie lange wirkt anabolika, which has been associated with this form of vision loss, can be corrected with supplements.

Taking creatine daily for one year seems to slow eye damage and vision loss. Inherited nerve damage hereditary motor and sensory neuropathy. Early research in bodybuulding with inherited nerve sidde diseases such as Charcot-Marie-Tooth Disease, suggest that taking creatine by mouth daily bodybuildijg between one and 12 weeks has no effect on muscle strength or endurance.

Inherited disease called Huntington's disease. Early research suggests that taking creatine by mouth daily for one year does not improve muscle strength, coordination, or symptoms in people with Huntington's disease. Muscle diseases such as polymyositis steroid kur anfänger dermatomyositis.

Early studies suggest taking creatine might produce small improvements in muscle strength in people with these conditions. Muscle disorder called McArdle disease. Some early research bodybuildding that taking creatine by mouth daily improves muscle function in some people with McArdle disease. However, taking higher doses of creatine seem to make muscle pain worse. Muscular and neurological diseases called mitochondrial myopathies.

Early research suggests that taking creatine by mouth does not improve muscle function or quality of life in people with mitochondrial myopathies. However, creatine might improve some measures of muscle strength.

Early research suggests that taking creatine by mouth daily for 5 days does not improve exercise ability in freatine with multiple sclerosis. Loss of muscle tissue. Taking creatine by mouth daily does not seem to increase muscle mass or strength in men with muscle loss due to HIV. However, taking creatine seems to help maintain muscle mass and reduce bei loss of muscle strength that is associated with having to wear a cast.

Early research shows that taking anabolika zoll düsseldorf by mouth before hemodialysis treatments seems to reduce muscle cramps. Early research on the use of creatine by mouth in people with muscular dystrophy is not clear. Bodybuilding evidence shows wffects muscle strength and fatigue seem to improve after taking creatine daily for weeks. However, other research suggests that creatine provides no benefit for people with side dystrophy.

Breathing problems while sleeping in newborns. Early research shows that giving creatine to premature infants does not improve breathing problems while sleeping.

Early research efffcts that bodybuilidng creatine by mouth daily for 7 days increases the ability to exercise by increasing lung function anabole steroide medikamente people with a spinal cord injury. However, other research shows that creatine does not improve wrist muscle or hand function.

Early research also shows that taking creatine by mouth daily for 6 months reduces amnesia following a traumatic creztine injury in children. Early research suggests that taking creating by mouth daily in combination with strengthening exercises improves physical functioning in postmenopausal women with knee osteoarthritis. Early research suggests that taking creatine twice daily for months slows the progression of Parkinson's disease in people who have not yet started conventional medicines.

Nervous system disorder called Rett syndrome. Early research suggests that taking creating daily for 6 months can slightly wachstumshormone legal kaufen symptoms in females with Rett syndrome.

Early research shows creatinee taking creatine by mouth daily increases muscle strength, but does not improve physical functioning bodybuildjng adults with rheumatoid arthritis. In children, taking a specific supplement Kre-Celazine containing creatine and fatty acids twice daily for 30 days might reduce pain and swelling.

But the effects of creatine alone are not clear. Early research shows that taking creatine bodgbuilding mouth sire for two months does not improve symptoms or mental function in european steroid shop erfahrung with schizophrenia. Muscle loss in the spine. Early research bestes dopingmittel muskelaufbau that children with muscle loss in the sied do not benefit from taking creatine by mouth.

Early research shows that taking creatine daily does not speed up recovery of muscle strength bodybuidling surgery. More muskeln aufbauen anabolika is needed to rate the effectiveness of creatine for these testosteron wirkung muskelaufbau. When bodybuillding by mouth in high steroid acne treatment face, creatine is POSSIBLY UNSAFE.

There is some concern that it could harm the kidney, liver, or heart function. Skde, a connection between high doses and these negative effects has not been proven. Creatine can also cause stomach pain, nausea, diarrhea, boeybuilding muscle cramping.

Creatine causes muscles to draw water from the rest of your body. Be sure to drink extra water to make up for. Also, dianabol bestellen erfahrung you are taking creatine, don't exercise in the heat. It might cause you to become dehydrated. Many people who use creatine gain weight.

This is because creatine causes the muscles to hold water, not because it actually builds muscle. There is some concern that combining creatine with caffeine and the herb ephedra also called Ma Huang might sffects the chance of having serious testosteron level bestimmen effects such as stroke. There is concern that creatine might cause irregular heartbeat in some people.

But more information is needed creatin protein kombination know sie creatine can cause this problem. There is concern that creatine might cause a skin condition called pigmented purpuric dermatosis in some people. There is not enough reliable information about the safety of taking creatine if you are pregnant or breast testosteron omega 3. Stay on the safe side and avoid use.

Creatine is POSSIBLY SAFE in children when taken by mouth appropriately. There have been cases of manic episodes in people with bipolar bodybuilcing who took creatine daily for 4 weeks.

Creatine might make mania worse in people with sife disorder. Kidney disease or diabetes: Do not use creatine creatin muskelaufbau test you have kidney disease or a disease such as diabetes that increases your chance of developing kidney disease.

There bodybkilding some concern that creatine might make kidney disease worse. CREATINE Interactions Moderate Interaction Be cautious effects this combination Medications that can harm the kidneys Nephrotoxic Drugs interacts with CREATINE Taking high doses of creatine might harm the kidneys.

Some medications can also harm the kidneys. Taking creatine with medications that can harm the kidneys might increase the chance of kidney damage. Some bodybuilxing these medications that can harm the kidneys include cyclosporine Neoral, Sandimmune ; aminoglycosides including amikacin Amikingentamicin Garamycin, Gentak, others creatin protein shake, and tobramycin Nebcin, others ; nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs NSAIDs including ibuprofen Advil, Motrin, Bodybuildimg, othersindomethacin Indocinnaproxen Aleve, Anaprox, Naprelan, Naprosynpiroxicam Feldene ; and numerous.

CREATINE Dosing The roids schweiz kaufen doses bodybuidling been studied in scientific research: Many different dosing regimens have been used; however, most use a short-term "loading dose" followed by a long-term maintenance dose. Loading doses are testosteron creatin kombinieren grams daily for days.

Maintenance doses are typically grams daily. For syndromes caused by problems metabolizing creatine: Doses of mg of freies testosteron blutbild per kg of body weight have been taken daily for up to 8 years. Also, grams boxybuilding creatine has been taken sid for up to 25 months. View clinical references effechs this vitamin or supplement References: Comparison of creatine ingestion and resistance was bringt testosteron beim muskelaufbau on energy expenditure and limb blood flow.

Is running performance enhanced with efffects serum ingestion? A phase I, pharmacokinetic, dosage escalation study bovybuilding creatine monohydrate in subjects with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis.

Effects of creatine loading on muscular strength and endurance of female softball players. J Sports Med Phys Fitness ;43 4: Effect of creatine monohydrate in improving cellular energetics and muscle strength in ambulatory Duchenne muscular dystrophy patients: Creatine supplementation reduces plasma levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines and PGE2 after a half-ironman competition.

Creatine depletion in a new case positive folgen von anabolika AGAT eiweißpulver muskelaufbau kaufen Effect of short-term creatine supplementation on neuromuscular function. Oral creatine supplementation decreases plasma markers of steroid nucleotide degradation during a 1-h cycle test. Bemben MG, Witten MS Carter JM Eliot KA Ceeatine AW Bemben DA.

Effetcs effects of supplementation with creatine and anabolika on muscle strength following a traditional resistance training program in middle-aged and older men. J Nutr Health Aging. Creatine supplementation during resistance training in college football athletes. Effects of creatine supplementation on isometric force-time curve characteristics. Creatine supplementation lowers boydbuilding glutamate levels in Huntington's disease.

J Neurol ; 1: Effect of creatine on performance of militarily relevant tasks and soldier health. A therapeutic illegale muskelaufbaupräparate kaufen of anabolika kur mit 18 dietary supplements in Bosybuilding syndrome.

Bodybuildong J Med Genet. The effect of creatine on sied running with high-intensity intervals. Analysis of guanidinoacetate and creatine by isotope dilution electrospray tandem mass spectrometry.

Randomized, controlled trial of oral creatine supplementation not effective for apnea of prematurity. Dietary supplements and military operations: Army Med Corps ; 1: Drug treatment for spinal muscular atrophy types II and III. Effect sids creatine supplementation on cycle ergometer exercise in a hyperthermic environment.

Creatine supplementation bodybuildingg isometric strength and body composition improvements following strength exercise training in older adults. J Gerontol A Biol. Burke LM, Pyne DB, and Telford RD. Oral creatine supplementation does not improve sprint performance in elite swimmers.

Med Sci Sports Testosteron enantat kaufen wo ; The effect of whey protein supplementation with and without creatine monohydrate combined with resistance training on creatibe tissue mass and muscle strength.

Int Anabolika für definition Sport Bodybuildding. Effect of creatine and weight training on muscle creatine and performance in vegetarians. The effect of continuous dianabol bestellen nachnahme dose creatine supplementation on force, power, and creatibe work.

Effect of oral creatine creatie on single-effort sprint performance in muskelaufbau tabletten legal swimmers.

Efects echographic evaluation after acute and protracted treatment]. The effects of polyethylene glycosylated creatine supplementation on muscular strength and anabolika nebenwirkungen bilder. Camilova UK, Katsenovich RA, and Kostco SZ. Combined use of phosphocreatine and nifedipine for treatment sie patients with acute myocardial infarction.

Current Therapeutic Research ;50 5: Bodybuuilding of different frequencies of bodybuildin supplementation on muscle size and strength in young adults.

Low-dose creatine combined with protein during resistance training in older men. Guanidinoacetate and creatine plus creatinine assessment in physiologic fluids: Clin Chem ;48 Quantitative determination of guanidinoacetate and creatine in dried blood spot by flow injection analysis-electrospray effecs mass spectrometry.

Does testosteron anabola steroider supplementation influence adaptability of muscle to resistance training in men aged 48 to 72 years.

Creatine phosphate Neoton as an additive to St. Thomas' Hospital cardioplegic solution Sdie. Results of a clinical study. Creatine monohydrate treatment alleviates muscle cramps associated with haemodialysis. Resistance training exercise and creatine in patients with Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease. Muscle Nerve ;30 wide Creatine monohydrate and resistance training increase bone mineral content and density in older men.

J Nutr Health Aging ;9 5: Effect of creatine ingestion after exercise on muscle thickness in males and females. Wide Sci Sports Exerc ;36 Creatine testosteron creatin kur combined with resistance muskelaufbau kurzkettige kohlenhydrate in older men.

Bodybilding of creatine supplementation on aerobic performance and anaerobic capacity in elite rowers in the course of endurance training. Effect of creatlne supplementation as a potential adjuvant therapy effeccts exercise training in cardiac patients: Conjugated linoleic acid combined with creatine monohydrate and whey protein supplementation during strength training.

Int J Sport Nutr Exerc. Effect of recovery interval on multiple-bout sprint cycling performance bodhbuilding acute creatine supplementation. Acute creatine supplementation and performance during a field test simulating skde play roids kaufen erfahrungen elite female soccer players. Effects of creatine supplementation and three days of resistance training on muscle strength, power output, and neuromuscular function.

Creatine metabolism in men: Randomized controlled trial of dietary creatine as an adjunct therapy to physical training in prednisone obstructive pulmonary disease. Normal reference values for creatine, crsatine, and carnitine are lower in vegetarians. Increased IGF mRNA in human skeletal muscle after creatine supplementation. Med Sci Sports Exerc ;37 5: Effect of creatine supplementation on intermittent sprint sise performance in highly trained athletes. No acute effects of short-term creatine supplementation on creahine properties and sprint performance.

Creatine monohydrate does not increase strength in patients with hereditary neuropathy. No effect of creatine on respiratory bodybuiilding in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis.

Other Motor Neuron Disord. The effects of a rceatine "fluid loading" efcects on cardiovascular and haematological responses to orthostatic stress. Creatine and glycerol hyperhydration in trained subjects before exercise in the heat.

Effect of creatine testosteron produkte in der schweiz supplementation on anaerobic working capacity and body weight after two and six days of loading in men and women. Effect of two and five days of creatine loading on anaerobic working capacity in women.

Effects of creatine supplementation and exercise training on fitness in men yr nodybuilding. Creatine supplementation in endurance sports. CINRG randomized creatibe trial of creatine and glutamine in Duchenne muscular dystrophy. Ann Neurol ;58 1: Creatine supplementation and physical training in patients with COPD: Ferraro S, Maddalena G, Fazio S, and et al. Acute and short-term efficacy of high doses of creatine phosphate in the treatment of cardiac failure.

Current Therapeutic Research ;47 6: Effect of creatine supplementation on metabolism and performance in humans during intermittent sprint cycling. Muscle composition in relation to age and sex. Clin Sci Lond ;81 2: Effects of creatine supplementation in Rett syndrome: The possible combinatory effects of acute consumption of caffeine, creatine, and amino acids on dianabol bestellen nachnahme improvement of anaerobic running performance in humans.

The effects of creatine loading and gender on anaerobic running capacity. Creatine supplementation during pulmonary rehabilitation in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Wachstumshormone legal kaufen Q10 terclatrate and creatine in chronic heart failure: Creatine serum is not as effective as creatine powder for improving cycle sprint performance in competitive bodybuildibg team-sport athletes.

A novel, efficient, randomized selection trial comparing steroid sports statistics of drug therapy for ALS. Gosselink R, Spruit Sidee Troosters T testosteron kur dauer al. Oral creatine supplementation CR in Bodtbuilding exercise training: Creatine supplementation oral prednisone pregnancy muscular performance in bodybuildinf women.

Creatine supplementation improves muscular performance in older men. Grazioli Testosteron creme für männer, Melzi G, and Strumia E. Multicenter controlled study of creatine phosphate in the treatment of heart failure. Current Therapeutic Research ;52 2: The effects of creatine supplementation on repeated upper- and lower-body Wingate performance.

Greenhaff PL, Bodin K, Harris RC, and et al. The influence of oral creatine supplementation on muscle phosphocreatine resynthesis following intense contraction in man. Creatine and its application as an ergogenic aid. Influence of oral creatine supplementation of muscle torque during repeated bouts of maximal voluntary exercise in man.

Effects of creatine supplementation on repetitive sprint performance and body composition in competitive swimmers. Few adverse effects of long-term creatine supplementation in a placebo-controlled trial. Int J Sports Med ;26 4: Effects of creatine supplementation on glucose tolerance and insulin sensitivity in sedentary healthy males undergoing aerobic training.

Oral creatine supplementation and upper extremity anaerobic response in females. Absorption of creatine supplied as a drink, in meat or in solid form. J Sports Med Phys Fitness ;43 3: Effects of creatine monohydrate and polyethylene glycosylated creatine supplementation on muscular strength, endurance, and power output. Opposite actions of caffeine and creatine on muscle relaxation time in humans. Effect of low-dose, short-duration creatine supplementation on anaerobic exercise performance.

Creatine increases survival and suppresses seizures in the hypoxic immature rat. Creatine supplementation influences substrate utilization at rest. Guanidinoacetate methyltransferase GAMT deficiency: Diffusely elevated cerebral choline and creatine in relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis. Cloning and sequence analysis of human guanidinoacetate N-methyltransferase cDNA. Biophys Acta ; 3: Characterization of seven novel mutations in seven patients with GAMT deficiency.

Effects of creatine supplementation on muscle power, endurance, and sprint performance. Creatine ingestion increases anaerobic capacity and maximum accumulated oxygen deficit. Oral creatine supplementation enhances upper extremity work capacity in persons with cervical-level spinal cord injury. Arch Phys Med Rehabil.

The effect of L-arginine and creatine on vascular function and homocysteine metabolism. Neuromuscular properties and fatigue in older men following acute creatine supplementation. Creatine supplementation and performance in 6 consecutive 60 meter sprints. J Physiol Biochem ;60 4: Creatine supplementation does not improve physical performance in a m race.

Effect of creatine supplementation during cast-induced immobilization on the preservation of muscle mass, strength, and endurance. Creatine supplementation improves the anaerobic performance of elite junior fin swimmers. Does creatine supplementation increase the risk of rhabdomyolysis? Oral creatine supplementation in male collegiate athletes: Short-term creatine supplementation improves maximum quadriceps contraction in women.

Effects of four weeks of high-intensity interval training and creatine supplementation on critical power and anaerobic working capacity in college-aged men.

Creatine supplementation for weak muscles in persons with chronic tetraplegia: The effects of creatine monohydrate supplementation with and without D-pinitol on resistance training adaptations. Kern M, Podewils LJ Vukovich M Buono MJ. Physiological response to exercise in the heat following creatine supplementation. The effects of creatine supplementation on cardiovascular, metabolic, and thermoregulatory responses during exercise in the heat in endurance-trained humans.

Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab ;14 4: Effects of creatine on body composition and strength gains after 4 weeks of resistance training in previously nonresistance-trained humans.

Effects of creatine on isometric bench-press performance in resistance-trained humans. Short-term creatine supplementation does not improve muscle activation or sprint performance in humans. Eur J Appl Physiol ;91 Kirksey KB, Warren BJ, Stone MH, and et al.

The effects of six weeks of creatine monohydrate supplementation in male and female track athletes. Med Sci Sports Exerc ;29 5 Suppl: Creatine for treating muscle disorders. Creatine treatment in muscle disorders: A placebo-controlled crossover trial of creatine in mitochondrial diseases.

A novel treatment option for photoaged skin. Effects of high dose oral creatine supplementation on anaerobic capacity of elite wrestlers. Koenig CA, Benardot D Cody M Thompson WR. Comparison of creatine monohydrate and carbohydrate supplementation on repeated jump height performance.

J Strength Cond Res. Creatine has no beneficial effect on skeletal muscle energy metabolism in patients with single mitochondrial DNA deletions: Eur J Neurol ;12 4: Kreider R, Ransom J, Rasmussen C, and et al.

Creatine supplementation during pre-season football does not affect markers of renal function. Creatine and cyclocreatine treatment of human colon adenocarcinoma xenografts: Br J Cancer ;79 2: Influence of creatine monohydrate ingestion on muscle metabolites and intense exercise capacity in individuals with multiple sclerosis.

Effect of creatine supplementation on jumping performance in elite volleyball players. Effects of two and five days of creatine loading on muscular strength and anaerobic power in trained athletes. Lawrence SR, Preen DB, Dawson BT, and et al. The effect of oral creatine supplementation on maximal exercise performance in competitive rowers.

Sports Medicine, Training and Rehabilitation. An open-label study adding creatine monohydrate to ongoing medical regimens in patients with the fibromyalgia syndrome. Effect of caffeine ingestion after creatine supplementation on intermittent high-intensity sprint performance. The effects of 8 weeks of creatine monohydrate and glutamine supplementation on body composition and performance measures.

Cognitive effects of creatine ethyl ester supplementation. Does creatine supplementation hinder exercise heat tolerance or hydration status? A systematic review with meta-analyses. Beneficial effects of creatine supplementation in dystrophic patients. Muscle Nerve ;27 5: A randomized, double-blind placebo-controlled trial of oral creatine monohydrate augmentation for enhanced response to a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor in women with major depressive disorder.

Creatine supplementation enhances maximum voluntary isometric force and endurance capacity in resistance trained men. Rinsho Shinkeigaku ;44 Creatine supplementation and exercise performance. Effects of creatine supplementation on exercise performance and muscular strength in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis: Creatine supplementation and cognitive performance in elderly individuals.

Dev Cogn B Aging Neuropsychol. Melton C, Kreider R, Rasmussen C, and et al. Effects of ingesting creatine containing supplements during training on blood lipid profiles. Effects of steroid on thermoregulatory responses while exercising in the heat.

Treatment of intractable epilepsy in a female with SLC6A8 deficiency. Therapeutic interventions for disease progression in Huntington's disease. Mihic S, MacDonald JR, McKenzie S, and et al. The effect of creatine supplementation on blood pressure, plasma creatine kinase, and body composition.

Effects of creatine supplementation on aerobic power and cardiovascular structure and function. J Sci Med Sport ;8 3: Myburgh KH, Bold A, Bellinger B, and et al. Creatine supplementation and sprint training in cyclists: Med Sci Sports Exerc ;28 5 Suppl: Reduced brain creatine in gyrate atrophy of the choroid and retina with hyperornithinemia.

Developmental progress and creatine restoration upon long-term creatine supplementation of a patient with arginine: Creatine supplementation alters the response to a graded cycle ergometer test.

Beneficial effect of creatine supplementation in knee osteoarthritis. A pilot clinical trial of creatine and minocycline in early Parkinson disease: Effect of creatine supplementation during rapid body mass reduction on metabolism and isokinetic muscle performance capacity. Op 't, Eijnde B. Creatine loading does not impact on stroke performance in tennis. Int J Sports Med ;22 1: Creatine supplementation in young soccer players. Determinants of the timing of symptomatic treatment in early Parkinson disease: The National Institutes of Health Exploratory Trials in Parkinson Disease NET-PD Experience.

You're "hot" from pumping iron? Evaluation of the effects of a drug with metabolic action: Dermal penetration of creatine from a face-care formulation containing creatine, guarana and glycerol is linked to effective antiwrinkle and antisagging efficacy in male subjects. The effects of oral creatine supplementation on performance in single and repeated sprint swimming. Treatment for mitochondrial disorders. Optimization of insulin-mediated creatine retention during creatine feeding in humans.

J Sports Sci ;28 1: The effects of creatine supplementation on selected factors of tennis specific training. Br J Sports Med ;40 6: Renal dysfunction accompanying oral creatine supplements. Creatine Supplementation Increases Total Body Water Without Altering Fluid Distribution. Pre-exercise oral creatine ingestion does not improve prolonged intermittent sprint exercise in humans. J Sports Med Phys Fitness ;42 3: FEBS Lett ; 3: Oral creatine monohydrate supplementation improves brain performance: Proc Biol Sci ; Creatine supplementation decreases oxidative DNA damage and lipid peroxidation induced by a single bout of resistance exercise.

Rasmussen C, Kreider R, Ransom J, and et al. Creatine supplementation during pre-season football training does not affect fluid or electrolyte status. Creatine supplementation does not improve cognitive function in young adults. Low-dose creatine supplementation enhances fatigue resistance in the absence of weight gain. Use of oral creatine as an ergogenic aid for increased sports performance: Med J ;94 6: The effect of oral creatine monohydrate supplementation on running velocity.

Reimers B, Maddalena F, Cacciavillani L, and et al. La fosfocreatina nell'infarto miocardico acuto: II Cuore ;11 4: MR steroid of muscle and brain in guanidinoacetate methyltransferase GAMT -deficient mice: Comparison of antihyperglycemic effects of creatine and metformin in type II diabetic patients. Comparison of antihyperglycemic effects of creatine and glibenclamide in type II diabetic patients. Creatine supplementation affects muscle creatine during energy restriction.

Beneficial effects of creatine, CoQ10, and lipoic acid in mitochondrial disorders. Muscle Nerve ;35 2: Creatine monohydrate in resistant depression: Effects of oral creatine supplementation on high intensity, intermittent exercise performance in competitive squash players. Int J Sports Med ;22 8: Creatine monohydrate in ALS: Rossouw F, Krüger PE, and Rossouw J.

The effect of creatine monohydrate loading on maximal intermittent exercise and sport-specific strength in well-trained power-lifters. Nutrition Research ;20 4: Creatine monohydrate supplementation does not improve functional recovery after total knee arthroplasty.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil ;86 7: Reduction of ventricular arrhythmias by phosphocreatine Neoton in patients with acute myocardial infarction. Am Heart J ; 2 Pt 1: Severe metabolic acidosis secondary to coadministration of creatine and metformin, a case report.

Prevention of traumatic headache, dizziness and fatigue with creatine administration. Creatine fails to augment the benefits from resistance training in patients with HIV infection: Creatine supplementation attenuates hemodynamic and arterial stiffness responses following an acute bout of isokinetic exercise.

Saremi A, Gharakhanloo R Sharghi S Gharaati MR Larijani B Omidfar K. Effects of oral creatine and resistance training on serum myostatin and GASP Satolli F and Marchesi G. Creatine phosphate in the rehabilitation of patients with muscle hypotonotrophy of the lower extremity.

Curr Ther Res ; Acute creatine ingestion in human: Creatine supplementation and the total work performed during s and 1-min bouts of maximal cycling. Med Sport ;29 3: Creatine deficiency syndrome caused by guanidinoacetate methyltransferase deficiency: Therapeutic trial of arginine restriction in creatine deficiency syndrome. Swim performance following creatine supplementation in Division III athletes. Protection of ischemic myocardium by exogenous phosphocreatine.

Clinical, ultrastructural, and biochemical evaluations. Effect of creatine feeding on maximal exercise performance in vegetarians. Caffeine and progression of Parkinson disease. Creatine supplementation improves sprint performance in male sprinters. Effects of exercise and creatine on myosin heavy chain isoform composition in patients with Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease. Muscle Nerve ;34 5: Bath salts as a "legal high".

Effect of oral creatine ingestion on parameters of the work rate-time relationship and time to exhaustion in high-intensity cycling. Creatine supplementation and age influence muscle metabolism during exercise. The effect of creatine and resistance training on plasma homocysteine concentration in healthy volunteers. Arch Intern Med ; Creatine loading, resistance exercise performance, and muscle mechanics.

Dietary creatine supplementation and muscular adaptation to resistive overload. Creatine replacement therapy in guanidinoacetate methyltransferase deficiency, a novel inborn error of metabolism. Guanidino compounds in guanidinoacetate methyltransferase deficiency, a new inborn error of creatine synthesis. Strozzi C, Bagni B, and Ferri A. Creatine phosphate in the treatment of chronic ischemic heart failure.

Current Therapeutic Research ;51 6: Dietary supplement creatine protects against traumatic brain injury. Biochemical and clinical characteristics of creatine deficiency syndromes. Acute creatine monohydrate supplementation: Effects of creatine monohydrate supplementation during combined strength and high intensity rowing training on performance.

Creatine therapy for Huntington's disease: Clinical and MRS findings in a 1-year pilot study. Creatine supplementation does not decrease total plasma homocysteine in chronic hemodialysis patients.

Kidney Int ;66 6: Guanidino compounds after creatine supplementation in renal failure patients and their relation to inflammatory status. Creatine frau supplementation enhances high-intensity exercise performance in males and females. Potential benefits of creatine monohydrate supplementation in the elderly.

Metab Care ;3 6: Creatine monohydrate enhances strength and body composition in Duchenne muscular dystrophy. Creatine monohydrate supplementation does not increase muscle strength, lean body mass, or muscle phosphocreatine in patients with myotonic dystrophy type 1. Muscle Nerve ;29 1: Cyclocreatine in cancer chemotherapy. Cancer Chemother Pharmacol ;35 5: The effect of creatine supplementation on two m maximal running bouts. Effects of acute creatine loading with or without carbohydrate on repeated bouts of maximal swimming in high-performance swimmers.

Biochemical and functional effects of creatine phosphate in cardioplegic solution during aortic valve surgery--a clinical study.

The effect of creatine supplementation on strength recovery after anterior cruciate ligament ACL reconstruction: Creatine supplementation differentially affects maximal isometric strength and time to fatigue in large and small muscle groups. Long-term follow-up and treatment in nine boys with X-linked creatine transporter defect. Three weeks of creatine monohydrate supplementation affects dihydrotestosterone to testosterone ratio in college-aged prednisone players.

Shortening of muscle relaxation time after creatine loading. Creatine supplementation increases glycogen storage but not GLUT-4 expression in human skeletal muscle. Clin Sci Lond ; 1: Effect of creatine loading on endurance capacity and sprint power in cyclists. Int J Sports Med ;19 7: Creatine supplementation in Huntington's disease: Plasma creatinine assessment in creatine deficiency: Laboratory diagnosis of defects of creatine biosynthesis and transport.

No effect of heavy resistance training and creatine supplementation on blood lipids. Performance and muscle fiber adaptations to creatine supplementation and heavy resistance training.

Creatine supplementation enhances muscular performance during high-intensity resistance exercise. Physiological responses to short-term exercise in the heat after creatine loading. Med Sci Sports Exerc. The effects of creatine supplementation on muscular performance and body composition responses to short-term resistance training overreaching.

Effect of high-dose creatine therapy on symptoms of exercise intolerance in McArdle disease: Double-blind, placebo-controlled crossover study. Arch Neurol ;59 1: Effects of creatine loading on electromyographic fatigue threshold in cycle ergometry in college-age men. Creatine monohydrate in myotonic dystrophy: Wang CH, Finkel RS Bertini ES Schroth M Simonds A Wong B et al.

Consensus statement for standard of care in spinal muscular atrophy. Journal of Child Neurology ;22 8: Effects of creatine on mental fatigue and cerebral hemoglobin oxygenation.

Creatine supplementation and its effect on musculotendinous stiffness and performance. Creatine use and exercise heat tolerance in dehydrated men. Creatine supplementation does not impair the thermoregulatory response during a bout of exercise in the heat. Cholestatic liver injury associated with whey protein and creatine supplements. The effects of a week, periodized, off-season resistance-training program and creatine supplementation among collegiate football players.

Effects of oral creatine and resistance training on myosin heavy chain expression. Effects of oral creatine supplementation on maximal pedalling performance in older adults.

The effects of creatine loading on thermoregulation and intermittent sprint exercise performance in a hot humid environment. Treatment for Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease.

Effect of creatine loading on anaerobic performance and skeletal muscle volume in NCAA Division I athletes.

The effects of creatine monohydrate loading on anaerobic performance and one-repetition maximum strength. Alves CR, Santiago BM, Lima FR, et al. Creatine supplementation in fibromyalgia: Arthritis Care Res Hoboken ;65 9: Anabolic Steroid Act, Public Law No. Andrews R, Greenhaff P, Curtis S, et al. The effect of dietary creatine supplementation on skeletal muscle metabolism in congestive heart failure.

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Aust J Sci Med Sport ; Becque MD, Lochmann JD, Melrose DR. Effects of oral creatine supplementation on muscular strength and body composition. Bender A, Koch W, Elstner M, et al. Creatine supplementation in Parkinson disease: Is there a rationale for the use of creatine either as nutritional supplementation or drug administration in humans participating in a sport?

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Effects of creatine monohydrate ingestion in sedentary and weight-trained older adults. Birch R, Noble D, Greenhaff PL. The influence of dietary creatine supplementation on performance during repeated bouts of maximal isokinetic cycling in man.

Bosco C, Tihanyi J, Pucspk J, et al. Effect of oral creatine supplementation on jumping and running performance. Int J Sports Med ; Candow DG, Chilibeck PD, Forbes SC. Creatine supplementation and aging musculoskeletal health. Candow DG, Zello GA, Ling B, et al. Comparison of creatine supplementation before versus after supervised resistance training in healthy older adults. Res Sports Med ;22 1: Carvalho AP, Rassi S, Fontana KE, et al. Influence of creatine supplementation on the functional capacity of patients with heart failure.

Arg Bras Cardiol ;99 1: Chambers DJ, Haire K, Morley N, et al. Ann Thorac Surg ; Chenoy R, Hussain S, Tayob Y, et al. Effect of oral gamolenic acid from evening primrose oil on menopausal flushing abstract. Chorney JA, Cohen J. Pigmented purpuric dermatosis associated with creatine supplementation letter. Chung Y, Alexanderson H, Pipitone N, et al. Creatine supplements in patients with idiopathic inflammatory myopathies who are clinically weak after conventional pharmacologic treatment: Cisowski M, Bochenek A, Kucewicz E, et al.

The use of exogenous creatine phosphate for myocardial protection in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass surgery. J Cardiovasc Surg Torino ; Cooke WH, Barnes WS. The influence of recovery duration on high-intensity exercise performance after oral creatine supplementation. Can J Appl Physiol ; Cooke WH, Grandjean PW, Barnes WS. Effect of oral creatine supplementation on power output and fatigue during bicycle ergometry.

Dawson B, Cutler M, Moody A, et al. Effects of oral creatine loading on single and repeated maximal short sprints. Demant TW, Rhodes EC. Effects of creatine supplementation on exercise performance. Devaraj S, Jialal I. Low-density lipoprotein postsecretory modification, monocyte function, and circulating adhesion molecules in type 2 diabetic patients with and without macrovascular complications: Devries MC, Phillips SM. Creatine supplementation during resistance training in older adults - a meta-analysis.

Med Sci Sports Exerc ;46 6: Duke JA, Vasquez R. CRC Press, LLC Earnest CP, Almada AL, Mitchell TL. High-performance capillary electrophoresis-pure creatine monohydrate reduces blood lipids in men and women. Clin Sci Colch ; Febbraio MA, Flanagan TR, Snow RJ, et al. Effect of creatine supplementation on intramuscular TCr, metabolism and performance during intermittent, supramaximal exercise in humans.

Ferraro S, Codella C, Palumbo F, et al. Hemodynamic effects of creatine phosphate in patients with congestive heart failure: A randomized trial of vitamin A and vitamin E supplementation for retinitis pigmentosa. Francaux M, Demeure R, Goudemant JF, Poortmans JR. Effect of exogenous creatine supplementation on muscle PCr metabolism.

Francaux M, Poortmans JR. Effects of training and creatine supplement on muscle strength and body mass. Eur J Appl Physiol Occup Physiol ; Ganguly S, Jayappa S, Dash AK. Evaluation of the stability of creatine in solution prepared from effervescent creatine formulations. AAPS PharmSciTech ;4 2: Gilliam JD, Hohzorn C, Martin D, Trimble MH. Effect of oral creatine supplementation on isokinetic torque production.

Golini J, Jones WL. J Med Food ;17 9: Gordon A, Hultman E, Kaijser L, et al. Creatine supplementation in chronic heart failure increases skeletal muscle creatine phosphate and muscle performance. Graham AS, Hatton RC. J Am Pharm Assoc Wash ; Green AL, Hultman E, Macdonald IA, et al. Carbohydrate ingestion augments skeletal muscle creatine accumulation during creatine supplementation in humans. Am J Physiol ; Green AL, Simpson EJ, Littlewood JJ, et al. Carbohydrate ingestion augments creatine retention during creatine feeding in humans.

Groeneveld GJ, Veldink JH, van der Tweel I, et al. A randomized sequential trial of creatine in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. Gualano B, Macedo AR, Alves CR, et al. Creatine supplementation and resistance training in vulnerable older women: Gualano B, Ugrinowitsch C, Novaes RB, et al. Effects of creatine supplementation on renal function: Eur J Appl Physiol ; Harris RC, Soderlund K, Hultman E. Elevation of creatine in resting and exercised muscle of normal subjects by creatine supplementation.

Clin Sci Lond ; Hass CJ, Collins MA, Juncos JL. Resistance training with creatine monohydrate improves upper-body strength in patients with Parkinson disease: Neurorehabil Neural Repair ; Heinanen K, Nanto-Salonen K, Komu M, et al. Creatine corrects muscle 31P spectrum in gyrate atrophy with hyperornithinaemia. Eur J Clin Invest ; Hibbard MK, Sandri-Goldin, RM. Arginine-rich regions succeeding the nuclear localization region of the herpes simplex virus type 1 regulatory protein ICP27 are required for efficient nuclear localization and late gene expression.

Effect of a pre-exercise energy supplement on the acute hormonal response to resistance exercise. J Strength Cond Res ;22 3: Hultman E, Soderlund K, Timmons JA, et al. Muscle creatine loading in men. J Appl Physiol ; Huyzen RJ, Harder MP, Huet RC, et al. Alternative perioperative anticoagulation monitoring during cardiopulmonary bypass in aprotinin-treated patients.

J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth ;8: Ingwall JS, Morales MF, Stockdale FE, Wildenthal K. Recent Adv Stud Cardiac Struct Metab ;8: Jager R, Purpura M, Shao A, et al. Analysis of the efficacy, safety, and regulatory status of novel forms of creatine. Amino Acids ;40 5: Jäger R, Purpura M, Shao A, Inoue T, Kreider RB.

Jones AM, Atter T, Georg KP. Oral creatine supplementation improves multiple sprint performance in elite ice-hockey players. J Sports Med Phys Fitness ; Jowko E, Ostaszewski P, Jank M, et al. Creatine and beta-hydroxy-beta-methylbutyrate HMB additively increase lean body mass and muscle strength during a weight-training program. Juhn MS, O'Kane JW, Vinci DM. J Am Diet Assoc ; Juhn MS, Tarnopolsky M.

Potential side effects of oral creatine supplementation: Clin J Sport Med ;8: Separating fact from hype. Kamber M, Koster M, Kreis R, et al. Creatine supplementation - part I: Lone atrial fibrillation associated with creatine monohydrate supplementation. Kaptsan A, Odessky A, Osher Y, Levine J. Lack of efficacy of 5 grams daily of creatine in schizophrenia: J Clin Psychiatry ; Klivenyi P, Ferrante RJ, Matthews RT, et al.

Neuroprotective effects of creatine in a transgenic animal model of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. Koshy KM, Griswold E, Schneeberger EE. Interstitial nephritis in a patient taking creatine.

N Engl J Med ; Kreider RB, Ferreira M, Wilson M, et al. Effects of creatine supplementation on body composition, strength, and sprint performance. Kuklo TR, Tis JE, Moores LK, Schaefer RA. Fatal rhabdomyolysis with bilateral gluteal, thigh, and leg compartment syndrome after the Army Physical Fitness Test.

Am J Sports Med ; Larkin JG, Capell HA, Sturrock RD. Seatone in rheumatoid arthritis: Ann Rheum Dis ; Laser Reutersward A, Skog K, Jagerstad M.

Mutagenicity of pan-fried bovine tissues in relation to their content of creatine, creatinine, monosaccharides and free amino acids. Food Chem Toxicol ; Leenders NM, Lamb DR, Nelson TE. Creatine supplementation and swimming performance. Int J Sport Nutr ;9: Li N, Hauser R, Holford T, et al.

Muscle-building supplement use and increased risk of testicular germ cell cancer in men from Connecticut and Massachusetts. Br J Cancer ; 7: Lillie JW, O'Keefe M, Valinski H, et al. Cyclocreatine 1-carboxymethyliminoimidazolidine inhibits growth of a broad spectrum of cancer cells derived from solid tumors.

Manabe S, Kurihara N, Wada O, et al. Formation of PhIP in a mixture of creatinine, phenylalanine and sugar or aldehyde by aqueous heating. Martin KJ, Chen SF, Clark GM, et al. Evaluation of creatine analogues as a new class of anticancer agents using freshly explanted human tumor cells. J Natl Cancer Inst ; Matthews RT, Ferrante RJ, Klivenyi P, et al.

Creatine and cyclocreatine attenuate MPTP neurotoxicity. Matthews RT, Yang L, Jenkins BG, et al. Neuroprotective effects of creatine and cyclocreatine in animal models of Huntington's disease.

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Miller EE, Evans AE, Cohn M. Inhibition of rate of tumor growth by creatine and cyclocreatine. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; Mujika I, Chatard J, Lacoste L, et al. Creatine supplementation does not improve sprint performance in competitive swimmers.

Mujika I, Padilla S, Ibanez J, et al. Creatine supplementation and sprint performance in soccer players. Nagasawa Y, Fujii M, Kajimoto Y, et al. Vitamin K2 and serum cholesterol in patients on continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis.

Naylor CD, O'Rourke K, Detsky AS, Baker JP. Parenteral nutrition with branched-chain amino acids in hepatic encephalopathy. NCAA prohibits schools from supplying creatine to students. Reuters Health ;Jun A randomized, double-blind, futility clinical trial of creatine and minocycline in early Parkinson disease. Odland LM, MacDougall JD, Tarnopolsky MA, et al.

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Effect of creatine loading on long-term sprint exercise performance and metabolism. Prevost MC, Nelson AG, Morris GS. Creatine supplementation enhances intermittent work performance. Pritchard NR, Kalra PA. Rawson ES, Clarkson PM. Acute creatine supplementation in older men. Rawson ES, Wehnert ML, Clarkson PM. Effects of 30 days of creatine ingestion in older men.

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A clinical trial of creatine in ALS. Sipila I, Rapola J, Simell O, Vannas A. Supplementary creatine as a treatment for gyrate atrophy of the choroid and retina. Snow RJ, McKenna MJ, Selig SE, et al. Effect of creatine supplementation on sprint exercise performance and muscle metabolism. Stone MH, Sanborn K, Smith LL, et al. Effects of in-season 5 weeks creatine and pyruvate supplementation on anaerobic performance and body composition in American football players.

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Creatine monohydrate increases strength in patients with neuromuscular disease. Tarnopolsky MA, Roy BD, MacDonald JR. A randomized, controlled trial of creatine monohydrate in patients with mitochondrial cytopathies. Tennekoon KH, Jeevathayaparan S, Kurukulasooriya AP, Karunanayake EH. Possible hepatotoxicity of Nigella sativa seeds and Dregea volubilis leaves. Terjung RL, Clarkson P, Eichner ER, et al.

The American College of Sports Medicine Roundtable on the physiological and health effects of oral creatine supplementation. Theodorou AS, Cooke CB, King RF, et al. The effect of longer-term creatine supplementation on elite swimming performance after an acute creatine loading. Vahedi K, Domingo V, Amarenco P, Bousser MG.

Ischemic stroke in a sportsman who consumed MaHuang extract and creatine monohydrate for bodybuilding. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatr ; Vanakoski J, Kosunen V, Meririnne E, Seppala T. Creatine and caffeine in anaerobic and aerobic exercise: Int J Clin Pharmacol Ther ; Vandeberghe K, Gillis N, Van Leemputte M, et al. Caffeine counteracts the ergogenic action of muscle creatine loading. Vandenberghe K, Goris M, Van Hecke P, et al.

Long-term creatine intake is beneficial to muscle performance during resistance training abstract. Vandenberghe K, Van Hecke P, Van Leemputte M, et al. Phosphocreatine resynthesis is not affected by creatine loading. Vierck JL, Icenoggle DL, Bucci L, Dodson MV. The effects of ergogenic compounds on myogenic satellite cells.

Vilella AL, Limsuwat C, Williams DR, Seifert CF. Cholestatic jaundice as a result of combination designer supplement ingestion. Ann Pharmacother ;47 Vorgerd M, Grehl T, Jager M, et al. Creatine therapy in myophosphorylase deficiency McArdle disease: Walter MC, Lochmuller H, Reilich P, et al.

Creatine monohydrate in muscular dystrophies: A double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical study. Willer B, Stucki G, Hoppeler H, et al. Effects of creatine supplementation on muscle weakness in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. Williams MH, Branch JD. Creatine supplementation and exercise performance: J Am Coll Nutr ; Young C, Oladipo O, Frasier S, et al.

Hemorrhagic stroke in young healthy male following use of sports supplement Jack3d. Mil Med ; Creatine supplementation delays onset of fatigue during repeated bouts of sprint running.

Sports ;8 5 Pt 1: The effects of acute creatine supplementation on multiple sprint cycling and running performance in rugby players. Creatine supplementation for patients with COPD receiving pulmonary rehabilitation: Overexpression of GAMT restores GAMT activity in primary GAMT-deficient fibroblasts. Creatine-induced glucose uptake in type 2 diabetes: Andreev NA, Andreeva TN, and Bichkov IV.

Effect of phosphocreatine in congestive heart failure. Current Therapeutic Research ;51 5: Low dose creatine supplementation enhances sprint phase of meters swimming performance. J Med Assoc Thai ;87 Suppl 2: Antitumor activity of creatine analogs produced by alterations in pancreatic hormones and glucose metabolism.

In Vivo ;12 2: See 37 Reviews for this Treatment - OR - Related to CREATINE.

Influence of creatine supplementation on the functional capacity of patients with heart failure. Early research on the effects of creatine in people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease COPD is inconsistent. Effects of creatine on mental fatigue and cerebral hemoglobin oxygenation. Testosterone boosters, creatine, pre-workout supplements and fat burners are often associated with bad side effects. Creatine also happens to be one of the most studied supplements, both in a sports setting and in how it interacts with various medical conditions. Skeletal muscle metabolism during short duration high-intensity exercise: There is concern that creatine might cause irregular heartbeat in some people.

Creatine

Each can carry its own side effects, depending on its use. Often maligned for several side effects, creatine is a natural substance used in the. In this article we will review creatine benefits, who will benefit, types to buy and for bodybuilders and strength athletes is creatines muscle volumizing effect 3. .. not result in adverse side effects such as cramping, dehydration or diarrhea. Creatine is one of the most popular supplements on the market. Unfortunately, there are a lot of myths and misconceptions about its side effects and uses.